The legal changes regarding chemical protection used by amateurs, available active substances and the expected impact on the development of pest resistance in Poland

The legal changes regarding chemical protection
used by amateurs, available active substances and
the expected impact on the development of pest
resistance in PolandDownload file
MATYJASZCZYK , E., SOBCZAK , J., SZULC , M.THE LEGAL CHANGES REGARDING CHEMICAL PROTECTION USED BY AMATEURS, AVAILABLE ACTIVE SUBSTANCES AND THE EXPECTED IMPACT ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF PEST RESISTANCE IN POLAND

2015, 16(2), p.140 - 148, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5513/JCEA01/16.2.1601

Abstract

Beginning from June 2015, non-professionals will be allowed to only buy and useplant protection products bearing information on the label that they are intended foruse by non-professionals. Based on the current register and derogations, thefollowing products will be available for use by amateurs: 21 fungicides, 30insecticides and 15 herbicides with respectively 20, 14 and 9 different activesubstances. Over a third of the mentioned active substances of fungicides andinsecticides are classified as “high risk” in terms of probability of pest resistancedevelopment. For numerous uses only a single product is available. The area ofhome gardens in Poland amounts to 53.5 thousand hectares. Sales of plantprotection products for use by amateurs is about 7% of the market value. The verylimited availability of chemical plant protection products for non-professionals can bea serious problem if seen from the perspective of pest resistance development anddissemination. Resistant pests may also affect farms with commercial production.Poland is an important producer of a variety of fruits, vegetables and ornamentalplants with a very limited availability of chemical protection. Resistance developmentcan further reduce the practical means of pest control and became a seriouseconomic problem.

Keywords:
active substancesamateursavailabilitylawlegal changesnonprofessionals