Impact of biofertilisers and agrometeorological conditions on phenological growth of pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) in organic agriculture

Impact of biofertilisers and agrometeorological
conditions on phenological growth of pepper
(Capsicum annuum L.) in organic agricultureDownload file
VLAHOVA, V., POPOV, V., KOUZMOVA, K.IMPACT OF BIOFERTILISERS AND AGROMETEOROLOGICAL CONDITIONS ON PHENOLOGICAL GROWTH OF PEPPER (CAPSICUM ANNUUM L.) IN ORGANIC AGRICULTURE

2015, 16(2), p.181 - 198, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5513/JCEA01/16.2.1608

Abstract

The pepper has a relatively large share in the general structure of the vegetableproduction in Bulgaria. The objective of this research was to investigate the influenceof biofertiliser Emosan (HemoZym NK, Hemozym Bio N5) in combination withbiofertilisers Lumbrical and Boneprot, as well as the influence of certainagrometeorological conditions on the phenological growth of pepper cv. ‘SofiiskaKapiya’. This experiment was carried out in 2009 – 2011 on the experimental fields ofthe Agroecological Centre at the Agricultural University Plovdiv (Bulgaria). Thepepper was grown using existing technology for mid-early field production, accordingto the principles of organic agriculture. The agroclimatic characteristics were taken onthe basis of data of twenty-four-hour performance of meteorological factors. In thethree years of the experiment the temperature conditions during the period of activevegetation of the pepper (June - July - August) were above the average, which wasin conjunction with the global trends. The application of biofertiliser Emosan, incombination with basic fertilization with biofertilisers Boneprot and Lumbrical andunder the impact of suitable agrometeorological conditions, had a positive impact onthe pepper plants. Pepper plants showed earlier entry into the main phenophasesunder field conditions of organic farming.

Keywords:
agrometeorological conditionsbiofertiliserscapsicum annuum l.