DOI: /10.5513/JCEA01/13.3.1086

Professional paper

The role of allochthonous (non-native) fish species in Serbian aquaculture

2012, 13 (3)   p. 539-544

Goran MARKOVIĆ, Miroslav ĆIRKOVIĆ, Stevan MALETIN

Abstract

Fish farming is the only type of aquaculture in Serbia. Fish farming is mostly carried out in cyprinid and salmonid (trout) fishponds (over 95% of the total fish produced), with considerably lower ichthyoproduction being practiced in cages and some bodies of open water such as reservoirs and channels. Serbian aquaculture currently includes 12 fish species, 4 of which are allochthonous (non-native). With the exception of the rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and, to a certain extent, grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella), silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix) and bighead carp (Hypophthalmichthys nobilis), allochthonous fish species have no economic importance. The presence and abundance of certain allochthonous species in fishponds and open waters have a negative effect on the total ichthyoproduction.

Keywords

serbia, allochthonous (non-native) fish species, aquaculture

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