DOI: /10.5513/JCEA01/13.4.1112

Original scientific paper

The analysis of the performance test results including correlation between the traits of this evaluation in crossbred gilts

2012, 13 (4)   p. 681-694

Jerzy NOWACHOWICZ, GraŜyna MICHALSKA, Przemysław Dariusz WASILEWSKI, Tomasz BUCEK

Abstract

The aim of the paper was the analysis of the performance test results including correlation between the traits of this evaluation in crossbred gilts of Polish Large White (PLW) and Polish Landrace (PL), conducted in years 2004-2008 in Poland in The Bydgoszcz Breeding Region. The subject of research was 51.802 crossbred gilts came from two crossing variants (where the sows’ breed was given in first position): PLW x PL and PL x PLW. The PLW x PL crossbred gilts in years 2004-2007 and in a total results summary from years 2004-2008 obtained higher performance test selection index value, thus had higher the breeding value regarding to the growth and slaughter traits as compared to the animals came from PL x PLW crossing variant. Within the space of 5 analysed years (2004-2008) the performance test selection index increased in the PLW x PL and PL x PLW crossbred gilts by 3.6 and 5.8 points, respectively. Thus the improvement of the breeding value of evaluated animals has been done. In all analysed years in the tested groups of crossbred gilts negative and statistically high significant correlations have been observed between the growth rate and the standardised body meat content of animals, which may show the unfavourable impact of the high growth rate on the meat content of pigs.

Keywords

crossbred gilts, performance test, correlations

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