DOI: /10.5513/JCEA01/15.3.1483

Original scientific paper

CHANGE OF CHOSEN SOIL PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF CHERNOZEM AFTER SEVEN YEARS OF NO-TILL SOIL CULTIVATION

2014, 15 (3)   p. 254-262

Katarína Hrčková , Štefan Žák, Roman Hašana, Mariana Švančárková

Abstract

Soil physical properties were investigated in two types of growing systems - integrated no-till system and conventional system with ploughing, in 1999 – 2005 on chernozem in maize growing region. Bulk density decreased and total porosity increased during 7 years in both growing systems. In integrated system the improvement of soil physical properties could be explained by remaining of plant residues on soil surface. In conventional system the plant residues were incorporated into soil by ploughing. This led to the higher proportion of organic matter in soil. Soil cultivated conventionally had significantly higher value of reduced bulk density, significantly lower porosity and significantly higher values of soil moisture compared to soil in integrated no-till system. Maximum capillary water capacity was not significantly influenced by soil cultivation. Values of investigated soil physical properties in both systems were not markedly different from the typical values of cultivated chernozem.

Keywords

bulk density, maximum capillary water capacity, soil cultivation, soil moisture, total porosity

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