DOI: /10.5513/JCEA01/16.2.1601

Review article

The legal changes regarding chemical protection used by amateurs, available active substances and the expected impact on the development of pest resistance in Poland

2015, 16 (2)   p. 140-148

Ewa Matyjaszczyk , Joanna Sobczak , Magdalena Szulc

Abstract

Beginning from June 2015, non-professionals will be allowed to only buy and use plant protection products bearing information on the label that they are intended for use by non-professionals. Based on the current register and derogations, the following products will be available for use by amateurs: 21 fungicides, 30 insecticides and 15 herbicides with respectively 20, 14 and 9 different active substances. Over a third of the mentioned active substances of fungicides and insecticides are classified as “high risk” in terms of probability of pest resistance development. For numerous uses only a single product is available. The area of home gardens in Poland amounts to 53.5 thousand hectares. Sales of plant protection products for use by amateurs is about 7% of the market value. The very limited availability of chemical plant protection products for non-professionals can be a serious problem if seen from the perspective of pest resistance development and dissemination. Resistant pests may also affect farms with commercial production. Poland is an important producer of a variety of fruits, vegetables and ornamental plants with a very limited availability of chemical protection. Resistance development can further reduce the practical means of pest control and became a serious economic problem.

Keywords

active substances, amateurs, availability, law, legal changes, nonprofessionals

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