MOVEMENT OF CADMIUM AND LEAD IN ANTHROPOGENICALLY FORMED TROPHIC CHAINS OF A PASTURE TYPE
2003, 4 (4) p. 389-398
An investigation on the movement of Lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd) in a trophic chain in 2 villages (industrial polluted and non polluted) has been conducted. The contents of the 2 heavy metals in the soil, food and in different organs of young kids, so as their transfer in the 3 trophic levels (using different static and dynamic methods of recalculation) have been established. The authors show, that it is expedient to determine quantitatively the chemical heterogeneity at the heterotrophic levels applying two criteria: along with the dynamic criterion “Clarc of concentration”(Cc), used up to know, to include also “Factor of bioaccumulation” (FB), which shows the real value of accumulation or dispersal of the chemical element according to its content in soil or at the trophic level of the autotrophic organisms. The increased Cc of lead /4,72/ and cadmium /49,14/ in soil is not the reason for the concentration in the nutrition chain at the level of the autotrophic organisms and at the level of the organisms phytophages /kids/. The studies of the FB show that the technogenically high Clarc of lead and cadmium in the ecotope is the reason for some changes in the metabolism, enabling the dispersal of lead along the trophic chain, the values falling down to 0,05 – 0,02 compared to its content in the ecotope, and, of cadmium – down to 0,03 – 0,15 in the tested organs and tissues.