Original scientific paper
Valorization of sunflower husk after seeds convection drying for solid fuel production
2019, 20 (1) p. 389-401
Since the initial moisture content in sunflower seeds after the harvest is rather high, seeds must be processed by convection drying so that their quality can be maintained for as long as possible a period of time. Sunflower is an oilseed crop, which can be used both as food and as a feedstock for energy production. The aim of this paper is to determine the influence of the convection drying process (at 60 °C, 80 °C and 100 °C) on energy characteristics of seeds of four sunflower hybrids (Apolon, NK Brio, PR 63 A 90 and PR 63 D 82), which by their characteristics belong to early and medium-early hybrids. It will also be determined if the energy used in the drying process can be recovered through utilisation of energy from husk. On the basis of the obtained results, the changes in energy characteristics were identified, namely, the content of non-combustible matters (water, ash, coke, fixed carbon and nitrogen) and of combustible matters (carbon, sulphur, hydrogen, oxygen, volatile matter), as well as higher and lower heating values of sunflower seeds. The resulting data prove that convection drying of sunflower husk has a positive influence on its energy characteristics.