DOI: /10.5513/JCEA01/20.2.2201

Original scientific paper

Evaluation of heavy metals accumulation potential of hemp (Cannabis sativa L.)

2019, 20 (2)   p. 700-711

Marija Ćaćić, Aleksandra Perčin, Željka Zgorelec, Ivica Kisić

Abstract

Heavy metals accumulation in crops and soils poses a significant threat to the human health. A study was carried out in 2016 in order to assess hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) ability to accumulate heavy metals and to reveal its possibility as a phytoaccumulator or phytostabilizer. Two soil types from Croatia were used in experimental pots: Gleysoils (alkaline soil) and Stagnic Luvisol (acid soil). Majority of the varieties accumulated more heavy metals in roots than in above-ground biomass. Removal of Cd, Ni, Pb, Hg, Co, Mo and As was higher in acid soil. Potential ability for phytostabilization was observed in alkaline soil in order Cu > Cr > Cd > Mo > Hg > Zn > Ni > Co > As > Pb, while for acid soil in order Zn > Cd > Cr > Ni > Hg > Cu > Mo > As > Co > Pb. Some varieties exhibited a translocation coefficient (TC) more than 1 and shown the ability of hyper-accumulation for Zn, Hg, Mo and Cd. Higher accumulation of heavy metals in some varieties could lead to their general application for phytoaccumulation of heavy metals from polluted soils.

Keywords

bioaccumulation coefficient, phytoaccumulation, soil types, translocation coefficient, uptake

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