Original scientific paper
Efficacy of the EPNs (Heterorhabditis bacteriophora) on sugar beet larvae (Bothynoderes punctiventris)
2020, 21 (3) p. 649-656
Two-year (2014-2015) study aimed to determine the effectiveness of entomopathogenic nematode (EPN) Heterorhabditis bacteriophora Poinar, 1976 (Nematoda: Heterorhabditidae) infective juveniles (IJs) on sugar beet weevil (Bothynoderes punctiventris Germar, 1824 (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)) larvae and to assess its potential for use in practice. In field experiments, three doses of nematodes were used and an untreated control. In the conditions of moderate larval attack (average infestation of 0.28 larvae per plant), EPNs showed clear dose response being highly effective (92.86% control) when applied in the highest dose. Although the results indicated that H. bacteriophora could have a satisfactory mortality effect on sugar beet weevil larvae, further investigations are needed in order to better determine the optimal dose and application timing. If effective, EPNs could be used as one of the tools in a strategy which aims to reduce sugar beet weevil population levels in a wider area.