INFLUENCE OF XENOBIOTICS ON THE BIOLOGICAL SOIL ACTIVITY

2001, 2 (3-4)   p. 191-198

S JAVOREKOVÁ, T ŠTEVLÍKOVÁ, R LABUDA, P ONDRIŠÍK

Abstract

The both basic and potential biological soil activity along with a biological degradation capacity of soil microorganisms through their respiratory activity were investigated after the application of polymers with the different degree of degradation in the soil. The CO2 production was measured by the absorption method at standard moisture and temperature under laboratory conditions. Numerous representing changes of major soil microbial groups were determined after the application of the polyethylene. Polyethylene (PE), polyvinylalcohol (PVA), polyvinylalcohol modified by hydrolysed collagen (PVAHC) were applied as synthetic polymers into luvisol. The addition of all tested polymers significantly influenced the CO2 production. During 43 days of incubation period, the total amount of produced CO2 was 1271.6 mg.kg-1. The total amount of mineralised carbon in the soil reached 4.55 %. When compared with the soil, the respiratory activity of soil microorganisms increased 3-times, 1.2-times and 1.3-times after addition of starch, PVA and PVAHC, respectively. The addition of granular PE reduced the soil pores size, which resulted in a significant decrease of CO2 production and non-significant rearrangement of the major microbial groups in the soil after three month of incubation.

Keywords

respiration of soil microorganisms, the biological degradation, polyethylene, polyvinylalcohol

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