DETERMINATION OF SOME AGRONOMICAL AND DYEING PROPERTIES OF DYER’S CHAMOMILE (ANTHEMIS TINCTORIA L.)

2005, 6 (3)   p. 403-408

Süleyman KIZIL, Nuran KAYABAŞI, Neşet ARSLAN

Abstract

The present study was designed to determine some agronomical properties and fastnesses of dyeing (against light, abrasion and dry and wet water spotting) with Anthemis tinctoria, which is a perennial herb, used as traditional dyeing in many places of the world. The fi eld experiment was laid out in a randomised block design with three replications and four plant densities (20 x 10 (500.000 plant/ha), 20 x 20 (250.000 plant/ha), 40 x 10 (250.000 plant/ha), 40 x 20 (125.000 plant/ha), 60 x 10 (166.600 plant/ha) and 60 x 20 cm (83.300 plant/ha) were used, respectively. In the field trial, fl ower diameter length varied between 1.53-1.84 mm, fresh fl ower head yield varied between 2.42-14.19 kg. ha-1 and dry fl ower head yield varied between 0.9-3.61 t. ha-1. For dyeing, alum of aluminium, copper-sulphate, zincchloride, potassium-bichromate, sodium chloride, sodium sulphate, sodium sulphite and iron-sulphate were used as mordant. A total of 25 dyeing treatments were performed, and very different colours and their tons were obtained.

Keywords

anthemis tinctoria, dyer’s chamomile, fl ower head yield, fastnesses

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