DETERMINATION OF SOME AGRONOMICAL AND DYEING PROPERTIES OF DYER’S CHAMOMILE (ANTHEMIS TINCTORIA L.)
2005, 6 (3) p. 403-408
The present study was designed to determine some agronomical properties and fastnesses of dyeing (against light, abrasion and dry and wet water spotting) with Anthemis tinctoria, which is a perennial herb, used as traditional dyeing in many places of the world. The fi eld experiment was laid out in a randomised block design with three replications and four plant densities (20 x 10 (500.000 plant/ha), 20 x 20 (250.000 plant/ha), 40 x 10 (250.000 plant/ha), 40 x 20 (125.000 plant/ha), 60 x 10 (166.600 plant/ha) and 60 x 20 cm (83.300 plant/ha) were used, respectively. In the field trial, fl ower diameter length varied between 1.53-1.84 mm, fresh fl ower head yield varied between 2.42-14.19 kg. ha-1 and dry fl ower head yield varied between 0.9-3.61 t. ha-1. For dyeing, alum of aluminium, copper-sulphate, zincchloride, potassium-bichromate, sodium chloride, sodium sulphate, sodium sulphite and iron-sulphate were used as mordant. A total of 25 dyeing treatments were performed, and very different colours and their tons were obtained.