THE EFFECT OF NITROGEN INPUT ON POLARISED SUGAR PRODUCTION AND QUALITATIVE PARAMETERS OF SUGAR BEET

2007, 8 (1)   p. 63-72

MILAN MACÁK, KOVÁČ KAROL, ŽÁK ŠTEFAN

Abstract

During 1998-2002, the application of different forms and doses of nitrogen on quantitative (polarised sugar production)and qualitative parameters (digestion, molasses forming components - potassium, sodium and α-amino nitrogen content) of sugar beet in vulnerable zones (Nitrate directive) was studied. Calculated input of nitrogen ranged from 12 kg up to 240 kg N.ha-1. By increasing input of N from FYM application into the soil causes an increases of α- amino nitrogen content in root, which in consequence causes a decreases the sugar content (negative correlation r= -0.8659+). The application of straw instead FYM of analogues treatments caused significant decrease (straw versus FYM) and highly significant decrease (straw plus N fertilizers versus FYM plus N fertilizers) of α-amino nitrogen content in sugar beet root living the productive parameters unchanged. The content of α-amino nitrogen in root of sugar beet indicate an environmentally friendly management practices with causal relation to water protection from nitrate.

Keywords

nitrogen fertilization, qualitative parameters, sugar beet, nitrate directive, vulnerable zones

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