THE INFLUENCE OF UNDERSOWN CROPS AND STRAW BIOMASS ON YIELD AND NUTRITIONAL VALUE OF POTATO TUBERS

2009, 10 (4)   p. 397-403

ANNA PŁAZA, FELIKS CEGLAREK

Abstract

The paper presents the results of research carried out over 2001-2003 which aimed at describing the influence of undersown crops and spring barley straw fertilization on chemical composition of table potato tubers. Two factors were examined. I - undersown crops fertilization: control variant (without undersown crops fertilization), farmyard manure, black medic (Medicago lupulina), black medic (Medicago lupulina) + Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum), Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum). II – straw fertilization (subblock without straw, subblock with straw). Obtained results allow to conclude that, fertilization with mixture of black medic with Italian ryegrass and black medic in combinations without straw or with straw in terms of size and quality of yield of potato tubers it equals or it even exceeds the farmyard manure fertilization. The increase of starch, vitamin C and true protein content in comparison with control variant was noted in potato tubers fertilizerd with undersown crops biomass and straw.

Keywords

undersown crop, straw, potato, nutritive value of tubers

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