DOI: /10.5513/JCEA01/12.1.875

Original scientific paper

Investigation of the effect of tribulus terrestris extract on the main biochemical and haematological indices of the blood in guinea fowls (Numida meleagris)

2011, 12 (1)   p. 16-26

Christo CHRISTEV, Martina Nickolova, Dimo PENKOV, Rumiana IVANOVA, Desislava ABADJIEVA, SVETLANA GRIGOROVA

Abstract

The aim of the present research was to investigate the effect of Bulgarian additive Vemoherb-T (dry extract of the annual plant Tribulus terrestris – L), produced by Vemo 99 Ltd Company, Sofia on main biochemical characteristics and hematological parameters of the blood in guinea fowl (Numida meleagris). An experiment was carried out with 30 Pearl-gray Guinea fowl (32 weeks old), distributed in two groups – a control and an experimental, 12 female and 3 male each. All birds were fed the same mixture for breeder guinea fowl. Vemoherb-T was supplemented to the compound feed of the experimental group in a daily dose of 10 mg/kg body weight for a period of 12 weeks. The tested product decreased significantly the levels of total triglycerides (P < 0.05), total cholesterol (P <0.01) and glucose (P < 0.01; P < 0.001 in male and female birds respectively) in the blood serum. It was established significantly higher total protein- ((P < 0.001) and calcium (P<0.01) values in the blood serum of the treated birds. The addition of Vemoherb-T increased significantly hemoglobin level, the number of erythrocytes and leukocytes and decreased the number of eosinophils in guinea fowl from the both sexes.

Keywords

guinea fowl, tribulus terrestris, biochemical characteristics, hematological parameters of blood

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