DOI: /10.5513/JCEA01/18.1.1884

Original scientific paper

The effectiveness of natural and gonadotropin stimulation of young gilts

2017, 18 (1)   p. 235-244

Jan DYBAŁA, Wojciech KAPELAŃSKI, JOANNA WIŚNIEWSKA, Aleksandra CEBULSKA

Abstract

The aim of the study was to compare the effectiveness of stimulation of gilts puberty by natural method and with gonadotropins. The results of reproduction parameters of gilts were also compared. Gilts were also supported by diet with easilly assimilated carbohydrates. The study was carried out on the group of 80 gilts which were divided into 2 groups (A and B) according to the method of inducing puberty: by using mature boar or gonadotropins eCG and hCG. In each group were isolated two subgroups in which gilts were mated in first or second estrus (A1, A2 and B1, B2). The first estrus occured earlier in gilts induced naturally. More numerous litters were obtained from gilts mated in the second estrus independently of method of puberty stimulation. The highest effectiveness of mating was obtained in gilts induced by gonadotropins in second estrus and the lowest also in gilts stimulated by gonadotropins but mated in first estrus. More piglets for 21st day were reared by gilts mated in second estrus independently on puberty induction method.

Keywords

boar presence, estrus, gilts, gonadotropins, puberty

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